forklift safety

What are the Fundamentals of Forklift Safety Training ?

What are the Fundamentals of Forklift Safety Training ?

A forklift is a type of vehicle containing an elongated front designed for lifting and transportation of heavy loads. These vehicles are made up in a unique manner such that they weigh a lot of pounds, are powerful, and can use rear-wheel steering. They also can turn in a very small space. This features calls for carefulness during operation.

1. Pre-use inspection.

This is ought to be done to avoid hazardous crisis or damage to the machine itself. The daily inspected areas include steering, brakes, hydraulic hoses, hydraulic lift, tires, leaks, and fuel levels. Propane tanks should also be inspected for cracks and broken welded points. It is also critical to inspect for any propene leaks and this is only solved by enrolling to forklift safety training.

2. General safety practices

These are some of the rules guided by an individual’s conscience. Rules like wearing safety belts to avoid injuries associated with great force of inertia need no informed choice. One should also ensure to keep both arms and lower limbs inside the cab area to avoid injuries associated with external objects. These practices and others are emphasized in forklift safety training.

3. Handling and moving loads

It’s always advisable before handling any load to check the load-carrying capacity of the forklift. Also, check the weight and stability of the load to evaluate whether the forklift can manage the load. If the load is not labeled, there are specific guidelines to follow. It is also crucial to have basic information about the fulcrum and stability triangle and this is possible after learning.

4. Handling, Stacking, and Moving Loads

When picking up a load, approach directly with forks in travel position until the fork tips are one foot away. Lift the load high to clear anything underneath. Look over both shoulders and certify that the place is clear. Stabilize the load by slow tilting of the mast. This safety measure is the key component of forklift safety training as the majority of accidents occur in this phase.

5. Driving with the load

It should be noted that one should drive with the heavier or less stable end of the forklift pointing to the inclined plane. This is the reverse when going down the depression plane and if it is empty, drive forward down the ramp and in reverse when going up. The load should always be tilted slightly back for stability and should be limited to a recommended height as elaborated in forklift safety training.

6. Safety practices for a stopped forklift

When the machine is stopped or packed, ensure forks are flat on the ground. The engine should also be turned off as soon as possible and the parking brake engaged. The exits should not be blocked and the emergency equipment should be left in a functional state. Any signs or postings also should not be hidden and should be placed in an open area to easily catch people’s attention.


Sufficient information about forklift operations is not in vain as it minimizes accidents and fatalities as well as reduces financial loss incurred due to damage to goods and products being transported. The information provided in this article is just the tip of the iceberg and one needs to enroll in the actual course to master all the fundamentals.

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Posted by Kylie Arnold in forklift training